What is Climate Change?
Scientists are using data collection and computer simulations to learn about Earth’s climate. These instruments measure the climate on the short and long time scales. Satellites constantly monitor the atmosphere, sea levels and land surface conditions, and ships equipped with sensors collect data about salinity and temperature over long time periods. In addition to observing the global climate, scientists also study how aerosols and anthropogenic emissions are affecting the planet’s environment.
Warming is a result of human activities, such as industrialization and the production of fossil fuels. It can cause the temperature of the Earth to increase by up to one or two degrees. Changing this natural greenhouse is one of the causes of the current global warming. In addition to this, land-use changes and agricultural production are also major contributors. However, the greenhouse effect is responsible for most of today’s warming. A mere two-degree rise in temperature will drastically change Earth’s climate.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says that CO2 levels have increased from a pre-industrial level to about 379 ppm in 2005. In addition to rising temperatures, human activity is also the major cause of this phenomenon. Carbon dioxide has increased by one degree Celsius since the pre-industrial era, and it’s predicted that the average temperature of the Earth’s surface is about one degree warmer than before. The heatwaves of the past few years have killed thousands of people.
A recent analysis from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) indicates that the last decade was the warmest on all continents. Many climate scientists believe that the rise in temperatures caused by global warming will lead to coastal flooding. Coastal flooding is expected to increase and this trend is due to the warming of the oceans. In the future, these effects will cause governments to fail or to destabilize. They could even trigger the sixth mass extinction of species.
Global temperatures are predicted to rise by a full 250,000 times by 2100. The increase in global temperatures is not a sudden phenomenon – the Earth has been warming for centuries. In fact, the world’s climate is already so hot that there are already 300 million people suffering from asthma. While the average temperature is increasing around the globe, the impact of global warming is felt on the oceans and the health of the planet’s inhabitants.
As the Earth warms, the temperature will increase too. In addition to rising temperatures, the temperature will also rise, causing extreme weather events. In the past, extreme weather events were not as intense as they are now. But climate change is not just limited to humans. Some species are affected by the rising temperature. Some animals and plants are already dying because of it. And the oceans absorb extra heat, making them more vulnerable. As the Earth’s temperature rises, the intensity of hurricanes is expected to increase.
Scientists are using data collection and computer simulations to learn about Earth’s climate. These instruments measure the climate on the short and long time scales. Satellites constantly monitor the atmosphere, sea levels and land surface conditions, and ships equipped with sensors collect data about salinity and temperature over long time periods. In addition to observing…